About of Myanmar / the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Warmest welcome from Myanmar ( The Golden Land of Myanmar)!

Myanmar country the official name is The Re public Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma.

Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and People's Republic of China to its north and northeast. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon).Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Early civilizations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo Dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung Dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony.

Myanmar was granted independence in 1948, as a democratic nation. Following a coup d'état in 1962, it became a military dictatorship.

For most of its independent years, the country has been engrossed in rampant ethnic strife and groups have been involved in one of the world's longest-running ongoing civil wars. During this time, the United Nations and several other organizations have reported consistent and systematic human rights violations in the country. In 2011, the military junta was officially dissolved following a 2010 general election, and a nominally civilian government was installed. This, along with the release of Aung San Suu Kyi and political prisoners, has improved the country's human rights record and foreign relations, and has led to the easing of trade and other economic sanctions. There is, however, continuing criticism of the government's treatment of ethnic minorities, its response to the ethnic insurgency, and religious clashes.[15] In the landmark 2015 election, Aung San Suu Kyi's party won a majority in both houses. However, the Burmese military remains a powerful force in politics.

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Top Destinations in Myanmar

  • Yangon
  • Mandalay
  • Bagan
  • Inle
  • Mawlamyine
  • Ngapali Beach
  • Ngwe Saung Beach
  • Chaung Tha Beach

Capital: Nay Pyi Taw

People & Population: 53 million, Major National groups are Myanmar, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine & Shan

Area of Myanmar:  676552 sq km(261,218 sq miles)

Electricity:  220-240Volt, 50 Hz

Time: GMT +6.5 hours

Language:  Official Language Burmese, minority languages

Official religions: Buddhism

Climate & Weather:  Myanmar Has Three Seasons basically: Cool period is November to February, Hot period is March to May, and Rainy Period is June to October.

Culture: The Culture of Myanmar (also Known as Burma) has been heavily influenced by Buddhism and the Mon people. Burmese culture has also been influenced by the neighbors of India and China. In more recent times, British Colonial Rule and have influenced aspects of Burmese Culture, including Language and Education.

Religion: Myanmar is a multi-religious country. Over 80% of Myanmar Population embraces Theravada Buddhism. The rest are Christians, Muslims, Hindus and some animists.

Currency: The local currency is the “Kyat” which is divided into 100 pyas. Kyat notes are issued in denominations of 50,100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, 10000.

Visa: A valid passport with Entry Visa is required for all visitors. The Entry visa to Myanmar is applicable at Myanmar Embassies and Consulate Offices in abroad and it is valid for 28 days for Tourist visa.

Overland Entry:

There is three borders pass to enter Myanmar at Tamu Border, Muse Border and Maesot Borders and it is a third party tourists with visa at designated check points along Myanmar-India Border, Myanmar-China Border and Myanmar-Thailand Borders. Tourist must have the passport validity and can issue visa at Maesot Border and exit by air from Yangon.

Visa on Arrival:

A foreign national wishing to enter Myanmar must obtain a visa unless he or she is a citizen of one of the eligible visa exempt countries. All visitors must hold a passport valid for 6 months.

Visa on Arrival is granted only to packaged cruise liner and chartered flight tourists and to package your groups from places where there are no Myanmar representation. Visa on arrival is applicable only through licensed travel agencies registered in Myanmar. The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism will endorse to the Immigration authorities on case by case basis.

Getting to Myanmar

There are many airlines fly to Myanmar such as Thai Airways International, Silk Air, Malaysia Airlines, Myanmar Airways International, Thai Air Asia, Bangkok Airways, Jetstar Airline, Indian Airlines, China Southern Airlines, China Eastern Airlines, Air China, China Airlines, Air Bagan, Air Mandaly, Vietnam Airline.

 

Transportation in Myanmar

There is many domestic flight which are fly in around in Myanmar such as Myanmar National Airlines, Air KBZ, Asia Wings, Mann Yadanarpon airlines, Air Mandalay & Golden Myanmar Airlines. Other Transportation are chartered Ferry Boat, Cruises, Public Train, Express Bus and Local Trishaw.

Food

There is various kind of cuisine in Myanmar. The Famous Traditional food such as Mohinga, Ohno Khaukswe, assorted baked and fired delicacies and a variety of Myanmar cuisine are available at Myanmar Restaurants. Local food is oily and other cuisine are spicy such as Traditional foods.

Shopping

There are duty-free shops, department stores, supermarkets in Yangon offer a wide choice of products, both local and foreigner with fixed prices and magic of shopping to be found in Bogyoke Market. Many different Arts & Crafts and antiques are available throughout Myanmar. Handicraft lacquer ware in all shapes and sizes tapestries; wood carving and silverware also make good souvenirs. Myanmar also known as jewelry gemstones.

Clothes

Myanmar people are conservative people and they like to cover their skin as possible. Mostly they wear a clothes called ‘Longyi”. Please bring the dress to respect for the local culture. Recommend to bring the clothes of cotton and cool fabrics are ideal throughout the year. In rainy season, bring the light jacket as well as winter season bring the warm cloths and sock that you may need it when travelling up county of Myanmar.